Common Web Hosting Terms
Server Pages. A document that contains embedded server-side
scripting. ASP-compatible Web servers can execute these scripts.
On the client side, an ASP is a standard HTML document that can
be viewed on any platform using any Web browser. These scripts
can be written in any programming language which can be
processed by the server.
software that is used to look at various kinds of Internet
resources. Examples include Microsoft's Internet Explorer and
Gateway Interface - A standard method of extending Web server
functionality by executing programs or scripts on a Web server
in response to Web browser requests. A common use of CGI is in
form processing, where the Web browser sends form data to a CGI
script on the server, the script integrates the data with a
database, and sends back the results as a Web page. Use of CGI
can make a Web page much more dynamic and add interactivity for
the user. CGI scripts are just scripts which use CGI. Those
scripts can be written with the help of Perl, PHP3, MIVA,
Python, and other scripting languages.
Fusion is a scripting language for web designers that wish to do
advanced development and/or database interfacing. Cold Fusion
supports MS Access, dBASE, FoxPro, and Paradox databases.
containing records of information that are organized and
presented to serve a specific purpose, such as the facilitation
of searching, sorting, and recombination of data. Databases can
be published on the World Wide Web to let site visitors look up
information in records or add new information to the database.
address of a network location in the format that identifies the
owner of that address in the format: server.organization.type.
For example, 'mysite.myhost.com' is domain name where '.com'
refers to top-level domain, 'myhost.com' - to second-level
domain and 'mysite.myhost.com' - to third-level domain or
Electronic Mail - The exchange of electronic text messages and
computer file attachments between computers over a
communications network, such as a local area network or the
means any email that is sent to any address at your domain is
forwarded to the 1 email address that you specify. For instance
if specify email@example.com as your email address then info@YourCompany.click2site.com,
will all be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org
FrontPage Server Extensions
extensions - A set of programs and scripts that support
authoring in FrontPage and extend the functionality of a Web
server. The FrontPage Server Extensions are available for
Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) and other popular
Windows and UNIX Web servers. To learn whether your Web server
is supported, visit
Transfer Protocol - The Internet service that transfers files
from one computer to another over standard phone lines. You can
create FTP hyperlinks (ftp://) on your web page.
technical meaning is a hardware or software set-up that
translates between two dissimilar protocols, for example Prodigy
has a gateway that translates between its internal, proprietary
e-mail format and Internet e-mail format. Another, sloppier
meaning of gateway is to describe any mechanism for providing
access to another system, e.g. AOL might be called a gateway to
in reference to the World Wide Web, 'hit' means a single request
from a web browser for a single item from a web server;
thus in order for a web browser to display a page that contains
3 graphics, 4 'hits' would occur at the server: 1 for the HTML
page, and one for each of the 3 graphics.
computer on a network that is a repository for services
available to other computers on the network. It is quite common
to have one host machine provide several services, such as WWW
can be used to refer to the housing of a web site, email or a
to describe when a banner advertisement is loaded on a web page
and displayed to a user. Also referred to as Exposure.
Service Provider (ISP)
A company that provides access to the Internet, such as AOL, Prodigy, Megapath t1 service, etc. Allows users to dial up through a modem, DSL, or cable connection to view the information on the internet.
Protocol Number - Sometimes called a dotted quad. A unique
number consisting of 4 parts separated by dots, e.g.
A dedicated IP address is an IP address unique to the
domain it is assigned. Shared IP domains share the IP
address of the server the domain resides on rather than having
their own dedicated IP. To have subdomains (for example,
sub.yourdomain.com, where sub is the subdomain) or DNS pointers
(where a domain points to another domain using DNS entries
rather than html forwarding) you must have a dedicated IP.
(Internet Server Application Programming Interface) is an API
for writing extensions to web servers. It was originally
developed by Process Software, and adopted by Microsoft as its
standard server API. It complements or replaces the Common
Gateway Interface (CGI), the standard interprocess protocol for
writing extensions to web servers.
ISAPI's main advantage over CGI is that it uses dynamic-link
library (DLL) function calls to communicate with extension
components, rather than environment variables and standard I/O,
as CGI does. There's a lot of overhead when starting new
processes on Win32 platforms, and DLL calls eliminate the need
for new processes, thus reducing the running time.
general-purpose programming language created by Sun
Microsystems. Currently, the most widespread use of Java is in
programming small applications, or applets, for the World Wide
scripting language developed by Netscape Communications and Sun
performance because it is not compiled before execution. Basic
online applications and functions can be added to Web pages with
application programming interface functions are fewer than those
page along with the HTML code, is generally considered easier to
write than Java, especially for novice programmers. A
Explorer or Netscape Navigator, is required to interpret
- (Local Area Network) --
A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the
same building or floor of a building.
a multimedia development tool that creates high-end applications
to be embedded into web pages. Flash programs can also be used
as stand-alone applications. Flash's power comes from the use of
vector graphics which can be scaled to anybody's monitor
settings without a loss of quality. Another feature that makes
Macromedia's Flash popular is the compact size of Flash files.
The software can deliver high-end graphics through the web by
keeping the file sizes relatively small.
Flash can also incorporate video clips, image files, sound
files, and will import files from other vector programs like
formerly known as HTMLScript, is produced by Miva Corporation.
Miva allows you to quickly build dynamic Web sites that
integrate scripting, database, and commerce features. There are
also tools available that allow you to build Miva-powered Web
pages on your Windows-based PC and then upload them to the
server when you are ready.
Complete information about the Miva engine and the syntax and
use of the special Miva tags is available at
MPEG Layer 3, allows for CD-quality sound files at very high
compression. Compared to .wav files, MP3 require approximately
1/20th of the space for the same quality of sound.
Because of these characteristics, MP3 has become a widely
accepted, standard setting file format for encoding music.
While MP3s have become very popular, they have also been abused
by persons by means of music piracy.
NT is Microsoft's 32-bit operating system. Used by web hosting
companies in the network environment to offer customers support
for Microsoft base products such as MS Access, MS SQL Server,
and FrontPage 98/2000.
ODBC - An
application programming interface (API) for authoring
applications that are independent of any particular database
Perl is a
scripting language which is widely used on the Internet to
create CGI programs. Perl programs are actually text files that
are parsed, or run through, by a program called an
formerly known as PHP/FI, is an excellent pre-processing engine
that supports a very robust HTML-embedded scripting language.
Much of its syntax is borrowed from the C, Java and Perl
programming languages, with some unique PHP-specific features
thrown in. The goal of the PHP language is to allow Web
developers to quickly write powerful, dynamically generated
pages. To learn
more about PHP click here.
Office Protocol) is a simple incoming mail protocol that can be
thought of as a "store-and-forward" service. With POP, your
email is saved in a mailbox on the server, and is transferred to
your email client when you check it. Once they are downloaded,
your email messages are no longer maintained on the server. POP
is the best choice when you always read your email messages from
the same computer, but is somewhat inconvenient to those who
need access to all of their messages from many locations.
a scripting language which incorporates modules, exceptions,
dynamic typing, very high level dynamic data types, and classes.
Python combines remarkable power with very clear syntax. It has
interfaces to many system calls and libraries, as well as to
various window systems, and is extensible in C or C++. It is
also usable as an extension language for applications that need
a programmable interface.
RealAudio & RealVideo
RealAudio® and RealVideo®, developed by Real
Networks, Inc., are among the most popular methods of
broadcasting audio and video content across the Internet.
Collectively known as Real Media, RealAudio and RealVideo use a
technology called streaming. Rather than force you to
download an entire media file to your computer before you can
play it, this technology allows you to play RealAudio and
RealVideo clips over the Internet while they are being
downloaded to your computer. To learn more about Real Networks,
A type of
computer code that can be directly executed by a program that
understands the language in which the script is written. Scripts
do not need to be compiled to be run.
SSL - A
proposed open standard developed by Netscape Communications for
establishing a secure communications channel to prevent the
interception of critical information, such as credit card
numbers. The primary purpose of SSL is to enable secure
electronic financial transactions on the World Wide Web,
although it is designed to work with other Internet services as
well. This technology, which uses public key encryption, is
incorporated into many Web browser and Web servers.
computer that offers services on a network. On the World Wide
Web, a server is a computer that runs the Web server software
that responds to HTTP protocol requests. Also called host.
SSI - A
feature provided by some Web servers that automatically inserts
text onto pages when they are fetched by a Web browser.
Structured Query Language
SQL - A
database query and programming language widely used for
accessing, querying, updating, and managing data in relational
database systems. Using SQL, you can retrieve data from a
database, create databases and database objects, add data,
modify existing data, and perform other, more complex functions.
With SQL, you can also change the server configuration, modify
database or session settings, and control data and access
command and program used to login from one Internet site to
another. The telnet command/program gets you to the login:
prompt of another host.
multi-user, multitasking operating system that exists in various
forms and implementations, typically used on proprietary
computer workstations. Many Web servers run on UNIX systems.
Resource Locator - A string that supplies the Internet address
of a Web site or resource on the World Wide Web, along with the
protocol by which the site or resource is accessed. The most
common URL type is http://, which gives the Internet address of
a Web page. Some other URL types are gopher://, which gives the
Internet address of a gopher directory, and ftp://, which gives
the network location of an FTP resource.
Basic Scripting Edition
- A subset of the Visual Basic for Applications programming
language, optimized for Web-related programming. As with
in HTML documents. This version is included with Microsoft
- Wide Area Network - Any
internet or network that covers an area larger than a single
building or campus.
The group of files
that reside on the domain host or name server. The zone file
designates a domain, its sub-domains and mail server.